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SEIZURE FIRST AID




» What is Epilepsy?
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» Seizure First Aid


Seizure First Aid describes what to do (or not do) in the event a family member or friend has a seizure. The following is a brief list that can be applied to all types of seizures.

For seizures lasting less than 5 minutes:



  • If the person is falling, help him or her to the ground. Protect the person from nearby hazards.

  • Loosen any tight or restrictive clothing.

  • Turn the person on his/her side in order to keep the air passages open.

  • Look for medical identification.

  • Reassure the person as he/she awakens from the seizure.

  • Do not place anything in the person's mouth. A person who has a seizure cannot swallow his/her tongue.

  • However, objects which are placed in the mouth can cause injury or choking.

  • Do not attempt to give the patient medications, unless he/she requests it.

  • Do not restrain the patient.
    Do not panic. Most seizures stop on their own after one to two minutes.

For seizures lasting more than 5 minutes:



For repeated seizures:



If the person does not wake up after the movements have stopped:

Call an ambulance or other emergency medical personnel (911).

Seizures during swimming:



Support the person's head above water, and help to bring him/her to the shore or side of the pool. Check that the person is still breathing, and perform mouth-to-mouth respiration if he/she is not. Call an ambulance or other emergency medical personnel (911).

© 2004 The Neurological Institute of New York • Columbia Comprehensive Epilepsy Center. 710 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032. Phone: 212-305-1742
Department of Neurology | Columbia University Medical Center | Last updated: December 12, 2012 | Comments
 

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